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Home >Highly Durable silicon and germanium can act as piezoresistive materials for a wide range of uses

Highly Durable silicon and germanium can act as piezoresistive materials for a wide range of uses

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carbon group element | chemical elements | Britannica

carbon group element | chemical elements | Britannica

carbon group element, any of the six chemical elements that make up Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table—namely, carbon (C), silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), tin (Sn), lead (Pb), and flerovium (Fl). Except for germanium and the artificially produced flerovium, all of these elements are familiar in daily life either as the pure element or in the form ofpounds, although, except …
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Appendix B: Sensor Characteristics

Appendix B: Sensor Characteristics

material. The mostmon is silicon, but gallium arsenide and gallium aluminum arsenide are also used. Silicon diodes can be used from 1.4 K to 500 K. From 25 K to 500 K, a silicon diode has a nearly constant sensitivity of 2.3 mV/eases and is nonlinear. The temperature response curve is shown in Figure 1.
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Theory, Technology and Applications of Piezoresistive ...

Theory, Technology and Applications of Piezoresistive ...

Many physical effects can be exploited to record strain in a material such as capacitive [1,2], piezoelectric for dynamic strain [3,4], optic with interferometers [5,6,7] and piezoresistive [8, 9 ...
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Eco-friendly Strategies for the Material and Fabrication ...

Eco-friendly Strategies for the Material and Fabrication ...

Nov 23, 2020 · Literatures have shown that mono-Si omembranes (NMs), polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon and germanium can be dissolved in physiological aqueous solutions, and the dissolution rates can be effected by the doping status and solution parameters (e.g. pH, temperatures, concentrations and types of ions and proteins) [79, 145,146,147 ...
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Graphene ostructure-Based Tactile Sensors for ...

Graphene ostructure-Based Tactile Sensors for ...

Sep 04, 2019 · The Unique Roles and Advantages of Graphene Ma Geim and Novoselov discovered graphene in 2004, it has received tremendous attention as an ideal material to construct electronic devices due to its unique physical properties [].As is known, graphene, as the most celebrated of two-dimensional (2D) materials, possesses a …
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ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces | Vol 14, No 7

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces | Vol 14, No 7

Feb 23, 2022 · ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022, 14, 7, (Biological and Medical Applications of Materials and Interfaces) Publication Date …
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Quantifying the Piezoresistive Mechanism in High ...

Quantifying the Piezoresistive Mechanism in High ...

Jan 31, 2022 · Printed strain sensors will be important in applications such as wearable devices, which monitor breathing and heart function. Such sensors need tobine high sensitivity and low resistance with other factors such as cyclability, low hysteresis, and minimal frequency/strain-rate dependence. Although posite sensors can display a high gauge factor (G), they …
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Highly sensing and transducing materials for ...

Highly sensing and transducing materials for ...

It remains great challenges to fabricate advanced potentiometric sensors based on ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) with ultrasensitivity, high selectiv…
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Electrical Properties of Materials - Matmatch

Electrical Properties of Materials - Matmatch

Materials such as silicon and germanium have resistivity values in between that of metals and non-conductors like glass. These materials are appropriately called semiconductors . What makes these materials interesting is not that they occupy a transitional region from good to bad conductors, but that their conductivity can be easily manipulated .
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Wearable and Flexible Sensors Based on 2D ... - ScienceDirect

Wearable and Flexible Sensors Based on 2D ... - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2019 · The study reported material that was novel, low-cost, and highly sensitive (sensitivity 2.2 kPa −1 in the range of 35–2500 Pa), that featured ultra-conformal contact for uneven body areas, ultra-low energy consumption (10 −6 W), and a wearable sensorposed of SWCNT/tissue paper mounted at polyimide .
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Semiconductors: Thyristors and More

Semiconductors: Thyristors and More

One of the first to be experimented with was germanium (Ge) (Element # 32). Silicon and Gallium are more well known semiconductors today. Semiconductors are so universal in application due to the ability of humans to precisely control how these materials conduct electricity: by controlling crystal size of the element and doping one can achieve ...
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Common Infrared Optical Materials and Coatings: A Guide to ...

Common Infrared Optical Materials and Coatings: A Guide to ...

ude BBAR for 3 to 5 μm. Many other specialized wavelength bands are possible within the 0.25- to 5.0-μm range. Silicon (Si), Transmitting Grade • Silicon is a semiconductor materialmonly used in IR optical systems operating in the …
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Simulation and Analysis of MEMS Piezoresistive Pressure ...

Simulation and Analysis of MEMS Piezoresistive Pressure ...

Based on equation 3.1, taking a = 600 μm, Rated Pressure (P) = 18 kPa, isotopic material properties of silicon (silicon is anisotropic material but still for diaphragm analysis it is assumed as isotropic, as explained in chapter , Elastic modulus as 169 GPa and Poisson’s ratio as 0.23. 3.9 Piezoresistive Effect in Silicon It is the ...
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4 Applications | Status and Applications of Diamond and ...

4 Applications | Status and Applications of Diamond and ...

Tables 4-1, 4-2, and 4-3 list thebinations of properties that make superhard materials desirable for ~ wide range of applications. Six categories of materials have been chosen: single- crystal diamond, polycrystalline diamondposite, polycrystalline diamond film, diamond-like materials, SiC, and cubic BN.
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PN Junction Diode and Diode Characteristics

PN Junction Diode and Diode Characteristics

Either way we can model these current-voltage characteristics for both an ideal diode and for a real silicon diode as shown: Junction Diode Ideal and Real Characteristics In the next tutorial about diodes, we will look at the small signal diode sometimes called a switching diode which is used in general electronic circuits.
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What’s The Difference Between ... - Electronic Design

What’s The Difference Between ... - Electronic Design

Apr 18, 2012 · Made from semiconductor materials, piezoresistive devices mostmonly are used in pressure measurement. ... effect in silicon and germanium in 1954. ... over a wide amplitude range. They are ...
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A critical review of piezoresistivity and its application ...

A critical review of piezoresistivity and its application ...

Aug 10, 2020 · Whether a piezoresistive material is a structural material or a functional material, it can serve as a sensor that can be embedded in or attached to a structure [142, 143]. However, the effectiveness of the sensor requires adequate bonding between the sensor and the structure.
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Metalloids or Semimetals: Definition, List of Elements ...

Metalloids or Semimetals: Definition, List of Elements ...

Oct 27, 2021 · The term is normally applied to a group of between six and nine elements (boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, antimony, tellurium, and possibly bismuth, polonium, astatine) found near the centre of the P-block or main block of the periodic table. There is no single property which can be used to identify an element as a metalloid unambiguously.
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Advanced Materials Technologies: Early View

Advanced Materials Technologies: Early View

Sep 12, 2021 · It shows good sensitivity (0.0048 kPa −1) over the ultrawide linear range of 0–500 kPa. The sensitivity can be well tuned by varying the pore characteristics and distribution. The sensor can detect human motions and physical activities from voice recognition to IPC interface pressure detection.
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Graphene Nanostructure-Based Tactile Sensors for ...

Graphene Nanostructure-Based Tactile Sensors for ...

Sep 04, 2019 · As a result, this device can be integrated with highly deformuding the forearms and palms, to sense both contact and noncontact modes, as shown in Fig. 2d. Graphene and its derivatives are versatile and sometimes can be used as a good dielectric material for capacitive pressure sensors.
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Hot Topic: Carbon, Graphite, and Graphene: Advanced Materials

Hot Topic: Carbon, Graphite, and Graphene: Advanced Materials

Dec 24, 2021 · Preirradiation of the SiO 2 /Si structures with low energy electrons is useful for selective growth of the conductive films which can be used for fabrication of lithography-free, high-quality MOS devices with GLF playing a role of metal gate. Abstract Full text PDF References Request permissions Research Article
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Nanomaterials for Healthcare Biosensing Applications

Nanomaterials for Healthcare Biosensing Applications

Dec 02, 2019 · Nanowire arrays can penetrate cellular lipid bilayers like nanoneedles, enabling cytosensing and similar medical diagnostic uses. Silicon oxide NW can act as a substrate for receptor immobilisation in FET biosensors [2,155]. A wide variety of inorganic nanomaterials have been used in healthcare diagnostics.
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News and Events | Materials and Nanotechnology | NDSU

News and Events | Materials and Nanotechnology | NDSU

Special MNT Seminar - Thursday, October 11, 2018, 4:00, Batcheller Technology Center 271 Colloidal Silicon and Germanium Nanocrystals, Nanorods and Nanowires,Dr. Brian A. Korgel, McKetta Department of Chemical Engineering and Texas Materials Institute, University of Texas, Austin, TX. Compared to other types of semiconductor materials, several unique challenges …
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Everyday Uses of Metalloids (aka: Semimetals) - Revolutionized

Everyday Uses of Metalloids (aka: Semimetals) - Revolutionized

Aug 26, 2020 · Germanium, on the other hand, didn’t get isolated until 1886. Both have similar uses, so they often get lumped into the same groups. Uses for Antimony and Germanium. Semiconductors: Both antimony and germanium have multiple applications as semiconductors. They’re oftenbined with other elements to improve their conductivity.
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Theory, Technology and Applications of Piezoresistive ...

Theory, Technology and Applications of Piezoresistive ...

In 1954, C.S. Smith discovered the phenomena of piezoresistivity in silicon and germanium and surprisingly its magnitude was much greater aspared to that of …
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Flexible devices: from materials, architectures to ...

Flexible devices: from materials, architectures to ...

Jan 15, 2018 · Hence, searching for new and highly flexible materials as substitutes for traditional silicon material is of great importance. Numerous materials can be used to fabricate flexible electronic devices, such as graph ene [ 33 , 41 ] , carbon nanotubes [ 34 – 36 ] , GaAs [ 42 ] , liquid metals [ 37 ] , conductive polymers [ 38 – 40 ] and so on.
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Graphene-elastomer nanposites based flexible ...

Graphene-elastomer nanposites based flexible ...

usion of CNTs or GSs into elastomeric polymers can result in materials with high piezoresistive sensitivity, reaching gage factors (slope of …
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Germanium - Element information, properties and uses ...

Germanium - Element information, properties and uses ...

Uses. Germanium is a semiconductor. The pure element wasmonly doped with arsenic, gallium or other elements and used as a transistor in thousands of electronic applications. Today, however, other semiconductors have replaced it. Germanium oxide has …
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Piezoresistive heat engine and refrigerator | Nature Physics

Piezoresistive heat engine and refrigerator | Nature Physics

Jan 16, 2011 · The piezoresistive heat engine in Fig. 1a is made out of a 1.5-μm-thick silicon layer on a silicon-on-insulator wafer, with a phosphor doping …
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Piezoresistive Microcantilever Array Chemical Sensing

Piezoresistive Microcantilever Array Chemical Sensing

Nov 28, 2021 · 3.1. Piezoresistive effect in silicon and MEMS cantilever relationship Piezoresistive effect describes the changing electrical resistance of a material due to applied mechanical stress. The effect causes a change in resistance value. This effect has been used for semiconductor based sensor such as germanium, silicon and polycrystalline silicon.
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Enhancing the Performance of MEMS Piezoresistive Pressure ...

Enhancing the Performance of MEMS Piezoresistive Pressure ...

Jan 01, 2015 · The paper describes the fabrication, designing and the performance analysis of a germanium material as a Piezoresistive MEMS pressure sensor. This pressure sensor uses double polysease the sensitivity of the pressure sensor.
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Sensors | Free Full-Text | Flexible Tactile Sensing ... - MDPI

Sensors | Free Full-Text | Flexible Tactile Sensing ... - MDPI

The large expansion of the robotic field in the last decades has created a growing interest in the research and development of tactile sensing solutions for robot hand and body integration. Piezoresistiveposites are one of the most widely employed materials for this purpose,bining simple and low cost preparation with high flexibility and conformability to surfaces, …
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Bias-Switchable Photoconductance in a oscale Ge ...

Bias-Switchable Photoconductance in a oscale Ge ...

Germanium is a promising material for future very large scale integration transistors, due to its superior hole mobility. However, germanium-based devices typically suffer from high reverse junction leakage due to the low band-gap energy of 0.66 eV and therefore are characterized by high static power dissipation.
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Micromachined high-g accelerometers: a review - IOPscience

Micromachined high-g accelerometers: a review - IOPscience

Feb 18, 2015 · He went on to determine the piezoresistive coefficients for relatively lightly doped silicon and germanium (1 0 0) samples along the [1 0 0] and [1 1 0] directions with resistivities ranging from 1.5 to 22.7 Ω cm [3, 35]. Currentmercial and research practices however use higher dopant concentrations .
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What are Silicon Wafers & what are they used for

What are Silicon Wafers & what are they used for

Silicon is the key platform for semiconductors and devices and is used in a wide range of applications that people can only dream of. Although it can be easy to relate silicon wafers to other types of electronic devices such asputers, televisions, mobile phones, and other electronic devices, they are much closer than you might think.
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Electrically Controlled Giant Piezoresistance in Silicon ...

Electrically Controlled Giant Piezoresistance in Silicon ...

123 Recent studies have shown a wide range of contradictory piezoresistance behavior for silicon nanowires. These variations can be due to the numerous …
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